Black Hole Discovered Near Heart Of The Milky Way

Keio University CO–0.40–0.22 CO–0.40–0.22* black hole black holes intermediate-mass black hole midsized black hole supermassive black hole Milky Way galaxy galaxies space science

Researchers say they will continue to study the intermediate-mass black hole candidate in the hope of confirming its existence. "Thus we are increasing the number of them by the new technique".

The size of the hole classifies it as an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH), considerably larger than a stellar black hole, which is formed by a collapsing star and has a mass only up to a few times that of the sun.

Professor Tomoharu Oka and colleagues used computer simulations to show the high velocity motion, or kinematics, of the gas could only be explained by an intermediate black hole concealed in its midst. Scientists believe that with sufficient studies and evidence, IMBHs will become the missing link that will shed light to how cosmic objects evolve and explain the creation of supermassive black holes.

News Week reports about how the potential black hole was marked. A huge potential black hole was detected near the heart of the Milky Way and is one hundred thousand times bigger than the sun.

A black hole for assistance? The suspicion that there might be a black hole in the gas cloud was confirmed further by radio waves detected coming from the cloud.

Keio University CO–0.40–0.22 CO–0.40–0.22* black hole black holes intermediate-mass black hole midsized black hole supermassive black hole Milky Way galaxy galaxies space science

One hypothesis, which scientists have always been looking to confirm, is the presence of what's called intermediate-mass black holes, which researchers think might act as seeds for their more massive counterparts.

'Although many candidates for IMBHs have been proposed none is accepted as definitive. The properties exhibited by the molecular cloud are being associated to gravitational kicks that are caused by invisible compact objects that usually weigh about 105, 000 solar masses.

The supermassive black hole is sitting in the middle of our own galaxy and if confirmed, it would be one of the biggest ever seen in the Milky Way - Earth's galactical back yard. Additionally, the lack of any counterparts at other wavelengths at all suggests that it's an inactive IMBH that isn't now consuming any more matter or growing.

"Theoretical studies have predicted that 100 million to one billion black holes should exist in the Milky Way, although only 60 or so have been identified through observations so far", said the authors. For example, black holes which consume gas are spotted as the gas shine brightly while approaching the hole. While it is just been hypothesized and not officially declared as identified. Schawinski says that the Large Magellanic Cloud, a nearby dwarf galaxy visible in the southern sky, "if it has a black hole, could end up in a similar place".

The finding can possibly lead to proof for generational relativity, a step that scientists claim would "make a considerable contribution to the progress of modern physics".




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