Scientists Want Us to Live in Lava Tubes on the Moon

JAXA probe finds 50-km cavern under surface of the moon

The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) has discovered an enormous cave under the lunar surface, something it calls a "very significant" discovery, due to its value for both science and human expansion into space.

In order to better understand the moon's lava tubes, JAXA relied on radar data gathered by the SELENE spacecraft which now orbits the lunar body. Once the lava stops flowing, the tunnel sometimes drains, forming a hollow void.

When the JAXA team made a decision to use their data to try and find lava tubes, they consulted scientists from the GRAIL mission, a NASA effort to collect high-quality data on the moon's gravitational field. "And that's the kind of thing that could also be done by advanced robotics with machine-learning systems on board".

SELENE's radar system wasn't created to detect lava tubes - it was built to study the origins of the moon and its geologic evolution. By surveying the areas where GRAIL had identified mass deficits, or less mass under the surface, they narrowed down the data they needed to analyze. These tubes are also found on Earth, but they usually pale in comparison to the size of lava tubes created on the moon which are often large enough to comfortably house an entire US city. "By using this complimentary technique of radar, they were able to figure out how deep and high the cavities are", he said, according to IBTimes. They also consulted with NASA scientists who worked on the 2011 NASA Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) mission - a mission in which a pair of spacecraft orbited the moon to collect data on its gravitational field.

Jaxa recently announced that it aimed to put a Japanese astronaut on the moon for the first time by around 2030, most likely as part of an worldwide mission.




"We will return NASA astronauts to the moon - not only to leave behind footprints and flags, but to build the foundation we need to send Americans to Mars and beyond", Pence said.

Last year, it said it plans to eventually establish a colony there.

"Our long-term goal is to explore, land, and settle (on the moon)", chief designer of China's space missions told the BBC.

Russian Federation also has said it hopes to start building a human on the moon by 2030.

China, Russia, India and the United States have made successful unmanned moon landings, but the USA is the only country to have put humans on the lunar surface.

Related news:

Hot News

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Consumer Reports might rate the Model 3 'average,' so Tesla claps back
Oct 23, 2017 - 00:46
In the third quarter, Tesla delivered 260 Model 3s , well below what many analysts forecasted. We are saying it is basically par for the course".

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Three arrested in shooting after speech by white nationalist Richard Spencer
Oct 23, 2017 - 00:45
Protesters began yelling and chanting when Spencer took the stage, and he criticized them for trying to suppress his speech. Tenbrink will face additional charges for possession of a firearm by a convicted felon.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Modi inaugurates Ro-Ro ferry services in Gujarat
Oct 23, 2017 - 00:36
The state of the art vessel will have the capacity to carry about 70 trucks, 100 four-wheeler and about 500 passengers. The Dahej terminal is on the northern shore of the Narmada estuary some 6 km from the town of Dahej.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Kit Harington cried when he read the final 'Game of Thrones' episode
Oct 23, 2017 - 00:36
School, drama school, anything. "Not only are you attached to it, loads of people around the world are attached to it". You need to feel the reasons, to know why they go and do the things they do.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Three die in shooting near Colorado State University
Oct 23, 2017 - 00:35
Kemp's aunt told 9NEWS he was an Air Force veteran working as a civilian contractor for the military. Hours before the deadly shooting, McNealy was celebrating her birthday according to The Coloradoan .

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top So, About That Crazy Melania 'Body Double' Conspiracy
Oct 22, 2017 - 00:47
Trump did talk about her as if she were in another room, saying, "My wife, Melania, who happens to be right here". Donald Trump and Melania Trump attend Radio City Music Hall Restoration Grand Opening on 4th October, 1999.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Conte Hails Chelsea's Spirit, Commitment In Watford Win
Oct 22, 2017 - 00:45
Then the fresh players in the pitch like Willian , Batshuayi - in one moment they can make the difference. The home side leveled in the 71st when Batshuayi headed Pedro's cross from the right into the far corner.

Liverpool FC vs Tottenham Hotspur Match Preview, Prediction
Oct 22, 2017 - 00:44
He stated: "City were good in the transfer market, they probably did exactly what they had to do". Both teams don't hesitate with any effort, any investment, stuff like this.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Lonzo Ball almost triple-doubles in Lakers' win
Oct 22, 2017 - 00:42
Bring his ass out on the court with me and I will tear his ass up", Beverley shouted, according to The Undefeated. I'm not going to be hanging out in L.A. "And your check still ain't going to go no higher than what it is".

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Taylor Swift Shakes Things Up Again On New Song "Gorgeous"
Oct 22, 2017 - 00:27
Later on, Swift belts out: "You make me so happy it turns back to sad/ There's nothing I hate more than what I can't have". In the clip, we hear a young girl reciting the name of the song as a beat we'll be bopping to in no time builds.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top These are the countries with the most pollution-related deaths
Oct 21, 2017 - 00:23
Most of these deaths happened through heart diseases, stroke, lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Pollution disproportionately affecting the poor and marginalised in every country worldwide, researchers said.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Selena Quintanilla to get posthumous star on Hollywood Walk of Fame
Oct 21, 2017 - 00:16
Selena has sold more than 65 million records worldwide and her birthday, April 16, is celebrated as " Selena Day" in Texas. After 22 years of her tragic death, Selena Quintanilla will finally receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame .

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top The criminal cases against Harvey Weinstein
Oct 21, 2017 - 00:16
Nyong'o claims Weinstein then proceeded to say he wanted to take off his trousers , which Nyong'o says she objected to. Weinstein's representative has denied the Oscar-winner had non-consensual sex with any woman.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Researcher Says Motor Vehicle Crashes Are Leading Cause of Teen Deaths
Oct 21, 2017 - 00:12
A nationwide study conducted by the NHTSA showed nearly 2,000 teens were in involved in fatal traffic crashes in 2015. In 2016 alone, more than 3,500 teens lost their lives in fatal auto crashes.

isis-killer-beheading-video-story-top Jeremy Lin injury: Nets star out for season
Oct 21, 2017 - 00:10
The serious nature of the injury was immediately apparent when he yelled out "I'm done", laid on the floor and burst into tears. While it's encouraging that he was able to walk off the court on his own, there's still "tremendous concern".