United Nations Court 'Orders' Trump Administration To Lift Iran Sanctions

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US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said on Wednesday that Iran is behind threats directed against the United States diplomatic missions in both Iraqi cities of Baghdad and Basra.

"This is a decision frankly that is 39 years overdue", Pompeo told a news conference.

Amid the gradual re-imposition of sanctions against the country, Iran challenged the trade restrictions in July, citing the 1955 Treaty of Amity, Economic Relations, and Consular Rights between the us and Iran.

The court unanimously said that the USA must remove trade sanctions on medicines and medical devices, foodstuffs and agricultural commodities, spare part and equipments necessary for the safety of civil aviation.

Rulings by the ICJ are binding and can not be appealed, but it has no way to enforce its decisions.

The treaty was signed long before Shah Muhammad Reza Pahlavi was exiled and Iran's 1979 Islamic Revolution, which turned the two countries into archenemies. The United States left the International Court of Justice more than a decade ago.

Iran took the U.S. to the ICJ twice; first in 1988 over the downing of Iran Air flight 655 and the killing of all 290 people on board and in 1992 in relations to United States attacks on Iranian oil rigs in 1987 and 1988.

Pompeo's announcement that the U.S.is canceling the 1955 agreement-similar to the President Donald Trump's decision to ditch the Iran nuclear deal earlier this year and coupled with reports that Pompeo and Trump National Security Adviser John Bolton are actively working to "foment unrest" in Iran-elicited immediate concerns about future engagement with the country.

Judges from the court ruled Wednesday on an Iranian request to order Washington to suspend sanctions against Tehran.




That year it brought a suit at the ICJ against the freezing of around $2 billion of Iranian assets overseas which United States courts say should go to American victims of terror attacks.

Wednesday's ruling is in fact a decision on so-called provisional measures ahead of a final decision on the matter, which may take several more years, experts said.

"We will commence a review of all worldwide agreements that may still expose the U.S. to purported binding jurisdiction dispute resolution in the global Court of Justice - admin. will conduct a review of all its involvement with the worldwide Court of Justice", he said.

The U.S. moves sent Iran's economy into a downward spiral with the national currency, the rial, hitting record lows.

"Given Iran's history of terrorism, ballistic missile activity, and other malign behaviors, Iran's claims under the treaty are absurd", Pompeo said.

The US withdrawal will have limited direct effect, with the two countries not even having diplomatic relations.

The U.S. ambassador to the Netherlands, Peter Hoekstra, said it was "a meritless case over which the court has no jurisdiction".

At the General Assembly last week, Trump said that "the United States will provide no support in recognition to the International Criminal Court".

There was no immediate reaction from the United States, but Trump has previously shown his disdain for overarching worldwide organisations that limit U.S. sovereignty, including the UN. He said the administration would review all accords that might subject the U.S.to prosecution by global courts or panels.

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