2015 nuclear deal should have targeted Iran's policies

A cleric and a woman walk past an anti-U.S. mural painted on the wall of the former U.S. Embassy in Tehran Iran Tuesday May. 8 2018. 

After Israeli president, Benjamin Netanyahu, accused Iran of breaking the deal, Donald Trump announced that the USA is withdrawing from the landmark pact.

"It is clear to me that we can not prevent an Iranian nuclear bomb under the decaying and rotten structure of the current agreement".

"If they don't trust the inspections, I don't know why they would be strongly encouraging Iran to comply", said Corey Hinderstein, a fuel cycle expert who previously worked on the implementation of the deal at the Department of Energy.

During a visit to Washington in late April, Macron floated the idea of a broader deal that would address Iran's ballistic missile program and wider role in the region.

Trump's announcement comes at a curious time.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said the United States decision to withdraw from the deal was a serious blow.

"We had welcomed the JCPOA when it was concluded and hope that all parties will find a way for its continuation, especially when the International Atomic Energy Agency has repeatedly verified Iran's compliance", it said. Trump would be wise to remember that he represents the United States, not just his personal interests or his political party.

European countries that support the agreement, in seeking to persuade Trump not to abandon the deal, often argued that it provides "the world's most robust" nuclear-monitoring regimen. "How the United States imposes and enforces sanctions could set up a showdown with the United States" European partners who have said they will continue to abide by the agreement.

In addition, France and the European Union are pressing Washington for exemption from Trump's steel and aluminum tariffs.

Trump suggested in his statement on Tuesday that the goal of withdrawing from the JCPOA is to eventually secure a new agreement that goes further than the current deal. "The US may have reneged, but Europe - and the rest of the worldwide community - can demonstrate that they are prepared to keep the bargain with Iran - the lifting of sanctions in return for nuclear compliance". "When they do, I am ready, willing, and able". The enrichment of Uranium is a requirement for producing nuclear weapons. The Obama administration, when the JCPOA was negotiated, argued that eliminating Iran's civil nuclear research and its missile program were unrealistic concessions that the Iranian regime would not accept-and that was when the United States had the cooperation of its negotiating partners and an global sanctions campaign on its side. Neither has yet proven to be a strength of the Trump administration, but this is the road he has chosen.

Mogherini is scheduled to meet with representatives from Germany, France, and the United Kingdom in Brussels on Tuesday to discuss how to move forward with the nuclear deal without cooperation from the United States.

"Europe and China will not fight against the United States sanctions".

A flare-up between Iran and Israel also isn't the only - or even the biggest - threat. Recent changes among his top advisers may have accelerated Trump's timeline, but this is where he was headed. Last weekend, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif cautioned that his nation may reboot its nuclear program in the face of brand-new American sanctions.

Trump approach, he said, has been "an approach based on aggression, arrogance and bullying and it may be said explicitly that decisions and policies adopted by American government after his presidency had been against the interests of the nations of the world in general and in contrast to the Islamic world in particular". In a democracy, there will always be changes in policies and priorities from one Administration to the next. "And in the same way, you can look at North Korea", he said. "The economy is weak but not crumbling; the population is restless but not marching in the streets; the regime has fissures, but the military and security services appear solid".

Despite maintaining that the inspection regime is too weak, AFP reported that USA officials nevertheless expect the UN inspections to continue even as the United States moves to reinstitute tough sanctions on Iran.

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